Check the course structure with the theory diagram and practical exam

See the CBSE 12 Class Computer Science Curriculum 2022-2023 for the revised course content and examination syllabus. Consult and download the syllabus in PDF here.

The CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus for the 2022-2023 session is provided below for students to download in PDF. This syllabus is important to know the structure of the course, including the weighting assigned to the different units and the examination scheme for theory and practical work. Students should prepare for their board exam based on the content mentioned in this revised syllabus only.

Check CBSE Class 12 Computing 2022-23 program below:

IT CLASS-XII Code n° 083 2022-23

1. Preconditions

Computing – Class XI

2. Learning Outcomes

The student must be able to

a) apply the concept of function.

b) explain and use the concept of file management.

c) use the basic data structure: Stacks

d) explain the basics of computer networks.

e) use database concepts, SQL as well as connectivity between Python and SQL.

3. Breakdown of brands:

Read also| CBSE Class 12 Revised Syllabus 2022-2023 (All Subjects)

4. Syllabus per unit

Unit I: Computational Thinking and Programming – 2 ·

  • Review of Python topics covered in class XI. ·
  • Functions: function types (built-in functions, module-defined functions, user-defined functions), creating a user-defined function, arguments and parameters, default parameters, positional parameters, function returning one or more values, execution flow, scope of a variable (global scope, local scope)
  • Introduction to files, file types (text file, binary file, CSV file), relative and absolute paths
  • Text file: opening a text file, modes for opening a text file (r, r+, w, w+, a, a+), closing a text file, opening a file using the clause with, writing/appending data to a text file using write() and writelines(), reading a text file using read(), readline() and readlines(), seek methods and tell, manipulation of data in a text file
  • Binary file: basic operations on a binary file: open using file open modes (rb, rb+, wb, wb+, ab, ab+), close a binary file, import the pickle module, dump() methods and load(), read, write/create, search, append and update operations in a binary file
  • CSV file: import csv module, open/close csv file, write to csv file using csv.writer() and read from csv file using csv.reader()
  • Data structure: stack, operations on the stack (push & pop), implementation of the stack using a list.

Unit II: Computer Networks

  • Evolution of networks: introduction to computer networks, evolution of networks (ARPANET, NSFNET, INTERNET)
  • Data communication terminology: concept of communication, components of data communication (sender, receiver, message, communication media, protocols), capacity measurement of communication media (bandwidth, data transfer rate), address IP, switching techniques (circuit switching, packet switching)
  • Transmission media: Wired communication media (twisted pair cable, coaxial cable, fiber optic cable), wireless media (radio waves, microwaves, infrared waves)
  • Network Devices (Modem, Ethernet Card, RJ45, Repeater, Hub, Switch, Router, Gateway, WIFI Card)
  • Network topologies and network types: network types (PAN, LAN, MAN, WAN), network topologies (Bus, Star, Tree)
  • Network protocol: HTTP, FTP, PPP, SMTP, TCP/IP, POP3, HTTPS, TELNET, VoIP
  • Introduction to web services: WWW, Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), domain names, URLs, website, web browser, web servers, web hosting

Unit III: Database Management

  • Database concepts: introduction to database concepts and its need
  • Relational data model: relationship, attribute, tuple, domain, degree, cardinality, keys (candidate key, primary key, alternate key, foreign key)
  • Structured query language: introduction, data definition language and data manipulation language, data type (char(n), varchar(n), int, float, date), constraints (not null, unique, primary key) , create database, use database, view databases, drop database, view tables, create table, describe table, modify table (add and remove attribute, add and remove primary key), delete table, insert, delete, select, operators (mathematical, relational and logical), aliasing, distinct clause, where clause, in, between, order by, meaning of null, is null, is not null, like, update command, delete command, aggregation functions (max, min, avg, sum, count), group by , having clause, joins: Cartesian product on two tables, equi-join and natural join
  • Python interface with an SQL database: connecting SQL to Python, performing insert, update and delete queries using the cursor, displaying data using fetchone(), fetchall (), rowcount, creating database connectivity applications

5. Practice

6. Suggested Practice List:

Python Programming

  • Read a text file line by line and display each word separated by a #.
  • Read a text file and display the number of vowels/consonants/uppercase/lowercase letters in the file.
  • Delete all lines containing the ‘a’ character in one file and write it to another file.
  • Create a binary file with name and serial number. Search for a given personnel number and display the name, if not found, display the appropriate message.
  • Create a binary file with roll number, name and marks. Enter a personnel number and update the markers.
  • Write a random number generator that generates random numbers between 1 and 6 (simulates a dice).
  • Write a Python program to implement a stack using list.
  • Create a CSV file by entering user ID and password, read and find the password for the given user ID.

Data base management

  • Create a student table and insert data. Implement the following SQL commands on the student table: o ALTER table to add new attributes / modify data type / delete attribute o UPDATE table to modify data o ORDER By to display data in ascending / descending order o DELETE to delete the tuple(s) o GROUP BY and find the min, max, sum, count and average
  • A similar exercise can be framed for other cases.
  • Integrate SQL with Python by importing the appropriate module.

7. Suggested Reading Material ·


Support material on the CBSE website.

8. Project

The goal of the class project is to create something tangible and useful using Python file management/Python-SQL connectivity. This should be done in groups of two to three students and should be started by the students at least 6 months before the submission deadline. The goal here is to find a real-world problem worth solving.

Students are encouraged to visit local businesses and interview them about the issues they face. For example, if a business is having trouble creating invoices for filing GST claims, students can complete a project that takes the raw data (list of transactions), groups transactions by category, accounts for tax rates of GST and creates invoices in the correct format. Students can be extremely creative here. They can use a wide variety of Python libraries to create user-friendly applications such as games, software for their school, software for their disabled peers, and mobile applications. Of course, to complete some of these projects, additional learning is required. this should be encouraged. Students must be able to teach themselves.

Students should be sensitized to avoid plagiarism and copyright violations when working on projects. Teachers must take the necessary measures for this purpose.

Students can also download the complete program in PDF from the following link:


NCERT Books for Class 12 (All Subjects)

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 (All Subjects)

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